Climate Variability and Human Health Impacts in the Caribbean
for Global Change Research
Research Objectives To construct a Caribbean climate database.
To analyze the association between dengue incidence and climate in the Caribbean islands, focusing on seasonal to interannual climatic variability due to El Niño/Southern Oscillation.
The effort involves two main scientific tasks:
The leader of the research team is Dr. A. Anthony Chen,
Professor of Applied Physics in the University of the West Indies at
Mona in Kingston, Jamaica. He works in collaboration with Dr. Samuel
C. Rawlins, a scientist at the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre in Port
of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago.
The team obtained additional funding from AIACC in 2002 to extend the work.
Poveda G, Graham NE, Epstein PR, Rojas W, Quiñones ML, Velez ID, Martens WJM. 2000. Climate and ENSO variability associated with vector-borne diseases in Colombia. In: El Niño and the Southern Oscillation, Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts (Diaz HF, Markgraf V, eds.), Cambridge, pp.183-204.
Rawlins S. 1999: Emerging and re-emerging vector-borne diseases in the Caribbean region.
West Indian Med. J. 48 (4): 252 -253.
The Threat of Dengue Fever - Assessment of Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in Human Health in the Caribbean
Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors (AIACC) initiative, implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme and co-executed by the Global Change SysTem for Analysis Research and Training (START) and the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) http://www.start.org/Projects/AIACC_Project/aiacc.html
To determine the extent of the association between climate and the incidence of dengue across the Caribbean region and the dominance of this linkage in comparison to other linkages.
To identify and evaluate adaptive options to ameliorate the impact of climate on dengue.
To use the knowledge gained above to determine future impacts and adaptation based on global change scenarios.
To make the knowledge gained accessible and useful to decision-makers.
The study sites for general observations are the 21 member countries of the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC): Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos. Four countries - Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and St. Kitts - are targeted for more specific studies.
Data Collection/Retrospective - Prospective
The study design is both retrospective over the past 15 years and prospective over 2 1/2 years. The project will construct climate and dengue indicators for the Caribbean region.
The effort involves five main tasks:
This project developed from the original IAI-funded project.
The co-Principal Investigators are Anthony Chen, Department of Physics, University of the West Indies, Jamaica and Samuel Rawlins, Caribbean Epidemiology Centre.
For more information about this project, see http://wwwphysics.uwimona.edu.jm:1104/RESEARCH/csg/csgm/aiaccsis06.html